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POSTURE

Now a day we are so busy & roaming here & there with stress and all. In this way we can not think about our good posture, getting results in pain of cervical, back & joints. Even someone getting acquired deformities, e.g.; Torticollis, scoliosis, pelvic tilts etc. Because of our bad habits (in the sense of posture) we are assuming many physical problems day by day. Repetition of same positions or movements for prolonged periods, our body begins to compensate for the activity & lead misalignment of the body.

WHAT IS POSTURE?

In a physiological sense, posture is the relationship among the skeleton, muscles, and other tissues of the body as it is held upright against gravity. It is as important to good health as proper nutrition, exercise, and a good night’s sleep.In the orthopedic sense,it may be an indication of the soundness of the musculoskeletal system. It is the attitude which is assumed by body parts to maintain stability and balance with minimum effort and least strain during supportive and non supportive positions.

WHY DOES POSTURE MATTER?

Posture plays a pivotal role in the overall health and total efficiency of the body. Just 15 minutes of maintaining poor posture can exhaust the muscles and cause discomfort. Over time, poor posture will start a progression of pain conditions and health problems that can be easily avoided. Starting with fatigue, tight, achy muscles, joint stiffness, and pain, a lifetime of poor posture begins to affect bodily systems such as digestion, elimination, breathing, and the normal functioning of the nervous system.

POSTURAL CARE(Click Here)

FACTORS AFFECTING POSTURES

Psychological

Physiological

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1. Age

A considerable change in postural attitudes can be observed in the elderly. The aging process is characterized by a decrease of flexibility, strength, and power. The most common consequence of normal aging is the loss of skeletal muscle mass. Several studies have stated that many of the determinants for aerobic and anaerobic capacity change with age. In particular, muscle mass, which is central to both aerobic and anaerobic capacity, decreases with sedentary aging.

2. Fatigue

A study from Hashimoto defined fatigue from different points of views. Physiologists consider fatigue simply as a decrease in physical performance. Psychologists consider it as a condition affecting the mental process. Ergonomists and physicians lay stress on the consequences of fatigue.

3. Body types

The Ectomorph is a person who has a thin body build characterized by a relative prominence of structures developed from the embryonic ectoderm.

The Mesomorph is a person who has muscular or sturdy body build characterized by a relative prominence of structure developed from the embryonic ectoderm.

The Endomorph is a person who has a heavy or fat body build characterized by a relative prominence of structure developed from the embryonic ectoderm.

4. Pregnancy

Pregnancy, women carry a baby in their womb. Whenever a baby grows the weight gradually increases. Because of this the lumber curvature of mother is exaggerated. Therefore pregnancy may affect posture.

5. Muscle imbalance

Muscle imbalance may occur in neurological condition or trauma case. Muscle imbalance or muscle contractures are other cause of poor posture. For example, tight iliopsoas muscle increases lumber lordosis in the lumber spine. Pressure on a nerve root in the spine any where can cause a poor posture. Cerebral palsy, poliomyelitis, Parkinson’s, stroke, hyperextension of knee and many more problems causes of muscle imbalance and tend to poor posture.

6. Respiratory condition

Respiratory condition e.g.; (emphysema) General weakness, excess weight, loss of muscular balance or with trauma may also lead poor posture.

7. Muscular/radiating pain

Both the muscular system and the skeletal system work closely together to allow the human body to move. The combined action of joints, bones and skeletal muscles produces movements such as walking and running. These functions are posture and joint stability. Postures like sitting and standing are maintained because of muscle contraction. The skeletal muscles are continually making fine adjustments that hold the body in stationary positions. Because of Muscular or radiating pain, we could not assume a correct posture.

Anatomical

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1.Structural factors

Structural deformities may be idiopathic or congenital development problems due to trauma, bad posture or pathological reason. Structural deformities involve mainly changes in the bone and therefore are not easily corrected by conservative treatment, may need surgery.

2. Nonstructural factors

The majority of nonstructural faulty postures are relatively easy to correct after the problem has been identified. Spasmodic torticollis, idiopathic scoliosis in the thorax region or lumber region may lead to poor posture.

Social & cultural

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1.Bad habits

Bad habits (in the sense of posture) very less peoples are stand in symmetrical position means equal weight bearing on both knees. No pelvic tilt. Hence a crowed of peoples slouch and hunch during sedentary work, standing or walking

2.Modern life style

Today’s time, all the people want to spend time with comfortably in their bedroom in fluffy/ spongy metros, drawing room, in the office, chair, sofa in front of television, computers, tab/mobiles or gossips in poor posture. They don’t know when they have tended to the malposture.

3.Demand of work place

Many types of jobs are in standing, sitting, lying, climbing stairs, fielding, and operating machines. Therefore we have to do work for our life span. Workload and prolong time in one position or repeated position can lead bad posture.

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